Real Estate Investment Trusts (Reits) are generally hailed as a desirable investment for income seekers. It gives investors a way to acquire ownership of a variety of properties at affordable prices.
A business that owns, manages, or funds buildings that generate revenue is known as a real estate investment trust (REIT).
90% of a REIT's profits are required by law to be paid out as dividends to shareholders.
REITs might be viewed as an alternative to buying a residential investment property given the continually escalating cost of real estate while also earning you money.
REITs come in two different forms.
Equity REITs frequently focus on owning particular building types, such as apartments, local malls, office buildings, or lodging/resort facilities.
Mortgage REITs are the other main form of REIT.
These REITs don't often own or manage real estate, but they do offer loans backed by real estate. The analysis of mortgage REITs must be specific.
They are financial institutions that utilise a variety of hedging tools to control their exposure to interest rate risk.
A small number of Hybrid REITs conduct real estate operations and mortgage loan transactions.
When evaluating a REIT, you should take into account the quality of the company's real estate holdings, the state of its overall operations, and the management team.
Cube will show you how to complete all of these tasks and assist you in selecting profitable REIT investments for your portfolio.
Funds From Operation or FFO is a statistic that REIT investors use to get a comprehensive view of the earnings made.
FFO subtracts gains or losses from the sale of real estate and add depreciation and amortization costs back to net income.
Once you have the REIT's FFO per share, you may multiply its price by that amount. This valuation statistic is used to evaluate a REIT's worth in relation to its competitors.
You may require the FFO per share for 12 months. To obtain the FFO per share for the entire year, consult the most recent annual report.
Once you have the annual FFO per share, all you have to do is divide the share price by the FFO per share.
After that, repeat the process for the REIT's competitors and determine the average price to FFO multiple for each.
Adjusted FFO furthers the adjustments to a REIT’s FFO. It is usually a more appropriate measure of a company’s performance.There may be slight variations in every company’s calculations though.
It is uncommon to compare the price to AFFO of one REIT to another as the AFFO computation varies amongst REITs. Instead, REIT investors will frequently use this number to examine a REIT's performance over time and search for changes in AFFO and AFFO per share.
A REIT's net asset value or NAV is determined by deducting liabilities from the fair market value of the company's assets. REIT's worth should be determined by the current market value of its assets, and that its stock market shares should be valued correspondingly hence, NAV is calculated.
Some formulas to calculate Net Asset Value-
1. Real estate value + cash + other assets (tangible) = total asset value
2. Total asset value - liabilities = Net Asset Value
3. NAV / shares outstanding = Net Asset Value per share
The dividend discount model or DDM is based on the idea that a REIT's current value is equal to the discounted present value of its future dividend payments.
For larger REITs that have consistently increased their dividends over an extended period of time, this strategy is helpful.
The discounted cash flow model uses a discount rate to calculate the present value of a REIT's future free cash flow.
You may have heard of top-down vs. bottom-up analysis when choosing stocks.
Top-down analysis begins with an economic viewpoint and focuses on themes or industries. From the top-down perspective, anything that affects the supply and demand for real estate can have an impact on REITs.
Bottom-up analysis concentrates on a company's core competencies. It is obvious that top-down and bottom-up analyses are necessary for REIT equities.
To benefit from the tax advantages of having the classification of a REIT, real estate companies must pay out significant dividends.
Investors must be aware of the accounting distortions brought on by depreciation and pay close attention to macroeconomic factors while analyzing a REIT.
Three different forms of REITs exist:
Equities REITs - The majority of REITs are equity REITs, which own and operate properties that generate income.
Mortgage REITs - They offer loans backed by real estate
Hybrid REITs - conduct real estate operations and mortgage loan transactions
REITs are usually long-term investments. Mostly, they can take up to 10 years to occur.
India's first REIT was introduced in April 2019 by Embassy Office Parks REIT (Embassy), which is supported by Blackstone Group. Next in line is Mindspace REIT
on stock picking, poring over excel sheets, financial news, analyzing market trends, tracking the Sensex, researching company fundamentals, comparing mutual funds, reading financial reports, trying to predict the future & losing your sanity!