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Mastering NPS: Investment through National Pension Scheme

April 18, 2024

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When it comes to securing your financial future, there are several investment avenues to explore. One of the lesser-known yet highly beneficial options is the National Pension Scheme (NPS). The NPS is a government-backed retirement savings scheme that provides individuals with a stable and secure means of building wealth for their post-retirement years. In this comprehensive guide, we will delve deep into the NPS, explore its benefits, investment strategies, and answer some common questions to help you make informed decisions about your financial future. You can consult a Cube Wealth Coach or download the Cube Wealth App.

What is NPS and Why Should You Consider It

The National Pension Scheme, launched by the Government of India, is a voluntary long-term retirement savings scheme that encourages individuals to save for their retirement. NPS offers several advantages that make it a viable option for securing your financial future:

1. Tax Benefits:

NPS offers attractive tax benefits under Section 80C and Section 80CCD of the Income Tax Act. Contributions up to Rs. 1.5 lakh in a financial year are deductible from your taxable income.

2. Market-Linked Returns:

NPS investments are market-linked, allowing you to benefit from the potential of higher returns compared to traditional fixed-income instruments.

3. Choice of Fund Managers and Investment Options:

NPS gives you the flexibility to choose your fund manager and investment options, including equity, corporate bonds, and government securities.

4. Regular Income Post-Retirement:

Upon maturity, you can withdraw a portion of your corpus as a lump sum, while the remaining amount is invested in an annuity, providing you with a regular income stream during retirement.

How to Get Started with NPS

Getting started with NPS is a relatively straightforward process. Here's a step-by-step guide to help you begin your journey towards a secure financial future:

1. Eligibility:

NPS is available to Indian citizens aged between 18 and 65. You can open an NPS account through authorized banks and financial institutions.

2. Choose Your Tier:

NPS offers two tiers: Tier I and Tier II. Tier I is the primary retirement account with restrictions on withdrawals, while Tier II is a voluntary savings account that offers more liquidity.

3. Select a Fund Manager:

You have the option to choose from various fund managers appointed by the Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA). Each fund manager offers different investment strategies and returns, so it's essential to research and pick the one that aligns with your financial goals.

4. Contribute Regularly:

You can make contributions to your NPS account through your chosen bank or financial institution. You can set up regular contributions or make one-time deposits as per your convenience.

5. Monitor Your Investments:

Keep track of your NPS investments by checking your account statements and performance regularly. Adjust your investment strategy as needed to meet your financial goals.

6. Plan for Retirement:

As you approach retirement age, it's crucial to plan how you want to utilize your NPS corpus. NPS allows partial withdrawals for specific purposes, and you can also decide on the percentage of the corpus to be converted into an annuity.

Investment Strategies within NPS

NPS offers a range of investment options to cater to different risk appetites. Here are the available asset classes and their features:

1. Equity (E):

This asset class primarily invests in equity and equity-related instruments. It has the potential for high returns but carries higher market risks.

2. Corporate Bonds (C):

This option invests in fixed-income corporate bonds. It offers moderate returns with relatively lower risk.

3. Government Securities (G):

This asset class invests in government bonds and securities. It provides stable returns with the lowest risk.

4. Alternative Investments (A):

NPS also offers the option to invest in Alternative Investment Funds (AIFs). These investments can provide diversification and potentially higher returns.

To create a balanced and diversified portfolio, it's advisable to spread your investments across these asset classes based on your risk tolerance and investment horizon. As you age, it's generally recommended to shift your allocation from equity to more stable options to protect your accumulated wealth. You can consult a Cube Wealth Coach or download the Cube Wealth App.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. Can I open an NPS account if I am self-employed or not working for any organization?

Yes, NPS is open to all Indian citizens, including those who are self-employed or not affiliated with any organization. You can open an NPS account as an individual and make regular contributions to secure your retirement.

2. What is the minimum and maximum contribution allowed in NPS?

The minimum contribution for an NPS account is Rs. 500 per month or Rs. 6,000 per year. There is no upper limit on contributions, but tax benefits are available for contributions up to Rs. 1.5 lakh in a financial year.

3. Is NPS suitable for risk-averse investors?

NPS offers multiple asset classes, including government securities and corporate bonds, which are relatively lower risk. This allows risk-averse investors to build a portfolio that aligns with their risk tolerance while benefiting from tax advantages and market-linked returns.

4. Can I withdraw my entire NPS corpus at once upon retirement?

No, you cannot withdraw the entire NPS corpus at once upon retirement. NPS requires that you use at least 40% of your accumulated corpus to purchase an annuity for a regular income. The remaining 60% can be withdrawn as a lump sum.

5. How can I change my fund manager or investment option in NPS?

You can change your fund manager and investment option in NPS by submitting a change request through your NPS account provider. It's essential to research and select a fund manager and investment option that aligns with your financial goals and risk tolerance.


The National Pension Scheme (NPS) is a powerful financial tool that can help you secure your dream retirement. With its tax benefits, market-linked returns, and a variety of investment options, NPS offers a comprehensive solution for building a stable financial future. By following the steps mentioned in this guide, you can start your NPS journey with confidence and make informed decisions to ensure a financially secure retirement.

As you invest wisely and stay committed to your financial goals, NPS can be your path to financial freedom. So, don't wait any longer; take charge of your retirement and embrace the NPS as your trusted companion on this journey towards a prosperous and stable financial future. Any investment or financial decisions you make are at your own risk and discretion. We do not endorse or promote any specific investment product, fund manager, or financial institution. The performance and returns on NPS investments are subject to market fluctuations and economic conditions. You can consult a Cube Wealth Coach or download the Cube Wealth App.

Team Cube

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